Working Paper

Harnessing the Sun and Wind for Economic Development? An Economy-wide Assessment for Egypt


  • Al-Riffai
  • P.
  • Blohmke
  • J.
  • Wiebelt
  • M.
  • Breisinger
  • C.
Publication Date

While the recent political transition in Egypt has put much-needed policy reforms on hold, our paper suggests that under certain conditions, fostering the national renewable energy strategy may be a promising way of giving an ailing economy an urgently needed impetus. Based on the literature and results of a renewable-energy focused computable general equilibrium model, we recommend that Egypt focus on the generation of wind power. At least part of the newly produced energy should be for the domestic market to ease the existing supply constraints and to avoid Dutch disease effects. In addition, to maximize the benefits of renewable energy sources, the renewable energy strategy should be accompanied by a reduction of energy subsidies. Finally, lessons from other countries suggest that sound institutions; appropriate, clear and lasting regulations; careful technology transfer; and cross-ministerial coordination are important for success.

Kiel Institute Expert


JEL Classification
O11, D3, D58

Key Words

  • CGE analysis
  • economic development
  • Egypt
  • Erneuerbare Energie
  • income distribution
  • renewable energy
  • Wirtschaftsentwicklung