Journal Article

Don’t sweat it: Ambient temperature does not affect social behavior and perception


  • Krause
  • J.S.
  • Brandt
  • G.
  • Schmidt
  • U.
  • Schunk
  • D.
Publication Date

Literature suggests that human perception and behavior vary with physical temperature. We conducted an experiment to study how different ambient temperatures impact social behavior and perception: subjects undertook a series of tasks measuring various aspects of social behavior and perception under three temperature conditions (cold vs. optimal vs. warm). Despite well-established findings on the effects of temperature, our data suggest that ambient temperature has no relevant influence on social behavior and perception. We corroborate our finding of a null effect using equivalence testing and provide a discussion considering recent failed replication attempts in this field of research and related studies on heat and violence.

Kiel Institute Experts


JEL Classification
C90, D01, D90, D91

Key Words

  • Social perception
  • Ambient temperature
  • Social preference
  • Equivalence testing
  • Cooperation Warmth

Related Topics