Journal Article

The Indian Ocean Tsunami and Private Donations to NGOs


  • Kim
  • Y.
  • Nunnenkamp
  • P.
  • Bagchi
  • C.
Publication Date

NGOs are widely perceived to raise their flag in humanitarian hot-spots with strong media presence in order to attract higher private donations. We assess this hypothesis by comparing the changes in donations between US-based NGOs with and without aid operations in the four countries most affected by the tsunami in the Indian Ocean in 2004. Performing a difference-in-difference-in-differences (DDD) approach, we find only weak indications that private donors systematically and strongly preferred NGOs with operations in the region.


JEL Classification
L31, Q54, F35

Key Words

  • Indian Ocean
  • natural disaster
  • non-governmental organizations
  • private donations