Working Paper

Real Wage Rigidities and the Cost of Disinflations


  • Ascari
  • G.
  • Merkl
  • C.
Publication Date

This paper analyzes the cost of disinflations under real wage rigidities in a micro-founded

New Keynesian model. The consensus is that real wage rigidities can be a useful mechanism

to induce the inflation persistence that is absent in the standard Calvo model. Real wage

rigidities thus generate a slump in output after a credible disinflationary policy. This

consensus is flawed, since it depends on analyzing the model in a linearized framework.

Once nonlinearities are taken into account, the results change dramatically, both qualitatively

and quantitatively. Real wage rigidities imply neither inflation persistence, nor output costs of

disinflations. Real wage rigidities actually create a boom after a permanent reduction in the

inflation target of the monetary policy.


JEL Classification
E31, E50

Key Words

  • Disinflation
  • nonlinearities
  • real wage rigidities
  • sticky prices