Working Paper

Measures of the Output Gap in the Euro-Zone: An Empirical Assessment of Selected Methods


  • Chagny
  • O.
  • Döpke
  • J.
Publication Date

The paper discusses some widely used methods for estimating output gaps based on aggregated data for the eurozone. Though these methods exhibit some common features, an empirical comparison demonstrates that the various techniques differ substantially. In particular, the correlation of output gaps calculated with different methods is generally low, the methods imply different turning points, and the estimated level of the output gap differs greatly. Moreover, tests suggest that some of the methods commonly used have only limited information content for inflation forecasting in the euro-zone. Conclusions for business cycle analysis and economic policy are offered.


JEL Classification

Key Words

  • Business cycles
  • Europäische Währungsunion
  • European Monetary Union
  • Konjunkturzyklen
  • Output gap
  • Produktionslücke