Journal Article

Macrofinancial History and the New Business Cycle Facts


  • Jordà
  • Ò.
  • Schularick
  • M.
  • Taylor
  • A.M.
Publication Date

In advanced economies, a century-long near-stable ratio of credit to GDP gave way to rapid inancialization and surging leverage in the last forty years. This “financial hockey stick” coincides with shifts in foundational macroeconomic relationships beyond the widely-noted  return of macroeconomic fragility and crisis risk. Leverage is correlated with central business cycle moments, which we can document thanks to a decade-long international and historical data collection effort. More financialized economies exhibit somewhat less real volatility, but also lower growth, more tail risk, as well as tighter real-real and real-financial correlations. International real and financial cycles also cohere more strongly. The new stylized facts that we discover should prove fertile ground for the development of a new generation of macroeconomic models with a prominent role for financial factors.

Kiel Institute Expert