Has Migration Been Beneficial for Migrants and Their Children?


  • Ganzeboom
  • H.B.G.
  • Güveli
  • A.
  • Zuccotti
  • C.V.
Publication Date


The study compares the social mobility and status attainment of first- and second-generation Turks in nine Western European countries with those of Western European natives and with those of Turks in Turkey. It shows that the children of low-class migrants are more likely to acquire a higher education than their counterparts in Turkey, making them more educationally mobile. Moreover, they successfully convert this education in the Western European labor market, and are upwardly mobile relative to the first generation. When comparing labor market outcomes of second generations relative to Turks in Turkey, however, the results show that the same level of education leads to a higher occu- pation in Turkey. The implications of these findings are discussed.