This paper proposes an approach to delineating metropolitan areas that is more general than the standard approaches in three respects: First, it uses the fraction of land prices attribut¬able to economies of urban agglomeration instead of using commuting intensities as an indicator of economic integration between metropolitan centers and their hinterlands. Second, it identifies metropolitan centers endogenously instead of determining them exoge¬nously. And third, it takes metropolitan subcenters explicitly into account. An empirical illustration is used to show that the approach tends to delineate fewer but larger metropoli¬tan areas in densely populated regions, and smaller metropolitan areas in sparsely populated regions.
- economies of urban agglomeration
- land price gradient
- metropolitan areas
- urban economics