Ukraine Support Tracker
A Database of Military, Financial and Humanitarian Aid to Ukraine
The Ukraine Support Tracker lists and quantifies military, financial and humanitarian aid promised by governments to Ukraine between January 24, 2022 and currently through February 24, 2023. It covers 40 countries, specifically the EU member states, other members of the G7, as well as Australia, South Korea, Turkey, Norway, New Zealand, Switzerland, China, Taiwan and India. The database is intended to support a facts-based discussion about support to Ukraine.
We focus on government-to-government transfers into Ukraine. Due to a lack of comparable and reliable data, we do not quantify private donations or transfers by international organizations like the Red Cross. For more details see below. We are continuously expanding, correcting, and improving this project. We therefore very much welcome any help to improve the tracker. Feedback and comments on our paper and database are highly appreciated. Please use our online feedback form.
Katelyn Bushnell, André Frank, Lukas Franz, Ivan Kharitonov, Stefan Schramm, and Christoph Trebesch
Update April 4, 2023: data since January 24, 2022 and through February 24, 2023
Compared to December 2022, we see a decline in the amounts of new aid pledged to Ukraine. In the newly covered period, January 16 to February 24, 2023, a total of EUR 12.96 billion was committed to Ukraine, with much of that coming from just a handful of donors.
Most notable are the Scandinavian countries, with Norway (EUR 1.11 billion, an increase of 90%), Sweden (EUR 0.33 billion, plus 41%), Denmark (EUR 0.24 billion, plus 33%), and Finland (EUR 0.56 billion, plus 165%) being particularly generous. Other countries standing out are Japan, pledging significant new financial aid worth EUR 5.1 billion in the form of loans, and the Netherlands with EUR 2.5 billion, intended among others for a new Patriot system for Ukraine. The tracker now also covers the entire first twelve months since the beginning of the Russian attack.
A new trend in Ukrainian aid is the adoption of longer planning horizons, which was previously limited to the United States. Now, other countries such as the United Kingdom and the Netherlands are following this model by promising to provide the same amount of aid in 2023 as they did in 2022. Norway has even announced a multi-year Ukraine support program. "The trend towards single or multi-year planning in aid to Ukraine is very positive. In 2022, commitments were mostly uncoordinated and ad hoc. This made budget and military planning in Ukraine very difficult," says Christoph Trebesch, head of the team producing the Ukraine Support Tracker.
About the Ukraine Support Tracker
A main aim of this database to quantify the scale of aid to Ukraine and to make the support measures comparable across donor countries. Much of the discussion on aid to Ukraine since the beginning of the war has been anecdotal, while a rigorous quantification has been missing. Our aim is to quantify the support flows by Western governments to Ukraine in millions of Euros, accounting for both financial and in-kind transfers. To do so, we set up a comprehensive database that brings together information from official, government sources, existing lists of Ukraine aid, and reports by renown news media.
An important challenge is to quantify non-financial transfers, such as in-kind shipments of military equipment, weapons, medicines or foodstuff. In many cases, governments report the value of their in-kind donations in their national currency, so that we can use that number as the baseline value. In other cases, however, governments do not report the value of aid, but only mention the items supplied, e.g., specific weapons or several “tons of foodstuff”. To value these, we draw on a broad range of sources to identify market prices, choosing an upper bound, when possible, e.g., by using the new purchase price even if much of the military equipment is probably used.
The Ukraine Support Tracker lists and quantifies military, financial, and humanitarian aid pledged to Ukraine since January 24, 2022. It covers 40 countries, specifically the EU member states, other members of the G7, as well as Australia, South Korea, Turkey, Norway, New Zealand, Switzerland, China, Taiwan and India. Also, EU institutions are included as a separate donor. The tracker lists government-to-government commitments; private donations or those from international organizations such as the IMF are not included in the main database. Flows going into other countries like, for example, Moldova, are not included. The database does not include other types of support, in particular donations by private individuals, companies, churches, or non-governmental organizations. We have also not (yet) systematically collected support by international organizations like the Red Cross or the United Nations, mainly because a lack of systematic data and reporting by most such international organizations.
We stopped publishing the graph ‚Committed vs. delivered weapons‘ in October 2022 because of the opacity of US weapon deliveries. The US government largely stopped publishing information on how many units have been delivered and when, only the US commitments are known. There is also limited media reporting on actual US deliveries. We will keep tracking the available information and will resume publishing the graph when better US data becomes available.