Journal Article

Evaluating the foreign ownership wage premium using a difference-in-differences matching approach


  • Girma
  • S.
  • Görg
  • H.
Publication Date

This paper seeks to identify the causal effect of foreign acquisitions on wages of skilled and unskilled workers, using difference-in-differences propensity score matching estimators. Our results suggest that there is substantial heterogeneity in the post-acquisition wage effect depending on the nationality of the foreign acquirer and the skill group of workers. We find sizable post acquisition wage effects on skilled and unskilled wages following an acquisition by a US firm. No such impacts result from acquisitions by EU multinationals. Also we discern some positive wage effects for unskilled workers resulting from acquisitions by multinationals from the rest of the world.

Kiel Institute Expert


JEL Classification
F23, J31

Key Words

  • difference-in-differences
  • Löhne
  • matching estimator
  • multinationals
  • Wages