Journal Article

The Transition of Corruption: From Poverty to Honesty


  • Gundlach
  • E.
  • Paldam
  • M.
Publication Date

Prehistoric measures of biogeography are used as instruments for modern income levels. We find that our instrumented incomes explain the cross-country pattern of corruption just as well as actual incomes, so the long-run causality appears to be entirely from income to corruption.


JEL Classification
B25, O1

Key Words

  • biogeography
  • corruption
  • Long-run development