Working Paper

Subsidies in the Federal Republic of Germany: Stocktaking and assessment (original publication in German)


  • Boss
  • A.
  • Rosenschon
  • A.
Publication Date

The extent and the structure of subsidies (including tax concessions) in the Federal Republic of Germany are analyzed. Subsidies per unit value added increased significantly after German reunification and declined only moderately in 1995. Nevertheless, the subsidies (comprehensively defined) reached roughly 8.6 p.c. of GDP.

Kiel Institute Expert


JEL Classification
H 19

Key Words

  • Reduction of Subsidies
  • subsidies