Policy Article

Hard Brexit ahead: Breaking the deadlock and restarting customs cooperation in Europe


  • Gabriel Felbermayr
  • Clemens Fuest
  • Hans Gersbach
  • Albrecht Ritschl
  • Marcel Thum
  • Martin Braml
Publication Date

The authors of this post argue that while the deadlock in the Brexit negotiations can be broken by tweaking the time limits of the Withdrawal Agreement and at the same time abandoning the backstop, a more viable long-term solution is a European Customs Association where Britain has active membership and a full vote alongside the EU member states.