Working Paper

FDI and Income Inequality - Evidence from Latin American Economies

Authors

  • Dierk Herzer
  • Philipp Hühne
  • Peter Nunnenkamp
Publication Date

We analyze whether foreign direct investment (FDI) has contributed to the typically wide income gaps in five Latin American host countries. We perform country-specific and panel cointegration techniques to assess the long-run impact of inward FDI stocks on income inequality among households in Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Uruguay. The panel cointegration analysis reveals a significant and positive effect on income inequality. Furthermore, FDI contributed to widening income gaps in all individual sample countries, except for Uruguay. Our findings are robust to the choice of different estimation methods. There is no evidence for reverse causality.

Info

JEL Classification
D31, F21

Key Words

  • cointegration techniques
  • FDI
  • income inequality
  • Lateinamerika
  • Latin America