Working Paper

Climate Damages in Convergence-Consistent Growth Projections


  • Harding
  • T.
  • Moreno-Cruz
  • J.
  • Quaas
  • M.
  • Rickels
  • W.
  • Smulders
  • S.
Publication Date

Projections of climate change damages based on climate-econometric estimates suggest that, without mitigation, global warming could reduce average global incomes by over 20% towards the end of the century (Burke et al., 2015). This figure significantly surpasses climate damages in Integrated Assessment Models (IAMs). For example, global climate damages obtained with the seminal DICE model are just a 7% reduction in output (Nordhaus, 2018). Here, we show that the discrepancy between the projections can be resolved by accounting for growth convergence in a climate-econometric approach that is consistent with the macroeconomic models underlying most IAMs. By re-estimating the global non-linear relationship between temperature and country-level economic growth, our convergence-consistent projections reveal that under an unmitigated warming scenario, global climate damages amount to 6%.

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JEL Classification
O400, O440, Q540, Q550, Q560

Key Words

  • Climate Change
  • Convergence
  • Economic Growth
  • Integrated Assessment Models

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