Policy Article

Special Trade Relations between Schleswig-Holstein and Denmark? A Comparison of the Border Trade of the German Federal States

Kieler Beiträge zur Wirtschaftspolitik, 28 Download

Against the backdrop of intensive export relations between Schleswig-Holstein and Denmark, this study examines the significance of this border trade for Schleswig-Holstein and the significance of this trade in comparison to the border trade of the other federal states. The study shows that Schleswig-Holstein's exports to Denmark are much more important than those to Germany as a whole, but that they by no means dominate Schleswig-Holstein's exports. A comparison of the border trade of the German federal states reveals that although Schleswig-Holstein's exports to Denmark are significant, they are not singular due to the more intensive export relations of other federal states with their neighbors — even though the share of Danish exports in Schleswig-Holstein is much higher than the respective share in Germany as a whole. However, the analysis also shows that the attractiveness of the Danish market differs by Schleswig-Holstein's industries: Instead of the relatively technology-intensive heavyweights in Schleswig-Holstein's overall exports, exports in more raw material-intensive commodity groups dominate here.