Journal Article

The Indian Ocean Tsunami and Private Donations to NGOs

Disasters, 40(4): 591-620

NGOs are widely perceived to raise their flag in humanitarian hot-spots with strong media presence in order to attract higher private donations. We assess this hypothesis by comparing the changes in donations between US-based NGOs with and without aid operations in the four countries most affected by the tsunami in the Indian Ocean in 2004. Performing a difference-in-difference-in-differences (DDD) approach, we find only weak indications that private donors systematically and strongly preferred NGOs with operations in the region.


Youngwan Kim
Peter Nunnenkamp
Chandreyee Bagchi


Publication Date
JEL Classification
L31, Q54, F35