The Impact of Industrial Protection on Agriculture. The Case of Malaysia
This paper investigates quantitatively the effects of trade policy on agriculture in Peninsular Malaysia using a multisectoral, general equilibrium model. In general, the results bear out the expectation that industrial protection distorts incentives favoring manufacturing and nontradable activities over agriculture as a whole. Whereas this result is familiar from other recent studies, the general-equilibrium approach allows many additional disaggregate findings. Industrial protection in Malaysia taxes, e.g., not all agricultural sectors. The rubber sector is discriminated by tariff protection for manufacturing, but the oil palm sector is favored due to strong forward linkages to the protected industries.