Journal Article

The Economic Integration of Forced Migrants: Evidence for Post-war Germany

The Economic Journal, 123(571): 998-1024

The flight and expulsion of Germans from Eastern Europe after World War II constitutes one of the largest forced population movements in history. We analyse the economic integration of these migrants and their offspring in West Germany. A quarter century after displacement, first generation migrants still tend to fare worse economically. Displaced agricultural workers, however, exhibit higher incomes than comparable natives, as displacement caused large-scale transitions out of low-paid agriculture. Differences in economic outcomes of second generation migrants resemble those of the first generation.


Thomas Bauer
Michael Kvasnicka


Publication Date
JEL Classification
J61, O15, R23