Journal Article

Determinants of Donor Generosity: A Survey of the Aid Budget Literature

World Development, 56: 172-199

This article provides a survey of the aid budget literature and examines the determinants of the development aid efforts of 22 DAC members over the 1976-2011 period. In fixed effects regressions, we identify aid inertia, per-capita GDP, the creation of an independent aid agency, colonial history, Russian military capacity, peer effects, terror incidents, aid to CEEC/NIS countries and imports from developing countries as determinants of the ODA-to-GNI ratio. Excluding donor fixed effects, several variables, including colonial history and the aid agency dummy, are no longer significant; the impact of per-capita GDP gets weaker, while donors’ budget deficits decrease aid effort.


Axel Dreher
Peter Nunnenkamp