Working Paper

Productivity Shocks and the New Keynesian Phillips Curve: Evidence from US and Euro Area

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This paper seeks to understand dynamics of inflation and marginal cost (labor share) in models
that account for the inclusion of productivity shocks in standard New Keynesian Phillips Curve
(NKPC). The question of interest is on the empirical importance of and whether productivity
shocks shift the Phillips curve using U.S. and Euro area data. Highlighting the inclusion of
productivity growth, we employ a hybrid model specification augmented with a productivity
term. The model is estimated using the Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) following Gali
and Gertler (1999). Our main finding is that a simple extension of the baseline and hybrid
models using more recent data (2006:Q4 for the US and 2005:Q4 for the Euro area) yield less
convincing results than the previous literature. Furthermore, our estimation results provide
some support for the inclusion of productivity growth particularly for the US. We conclude that
a better understanding of the inflation-unemployment tradeoff requires accounting for shifts in
the Phillips Curve due to productivity shocks.


Gene Ambrocio
Tae-Seok Jang


Publication Date
JEL Classification
E24, E31, J3