Working Paper

Changes in the Response of Fiscal Policy to Monetary Policy in the EMU

ASP Working Paper Series

We study the evolution of the response of fiscal policy to monetary policy shocks
in the EMU in the light of two important events: the signing of the Maastricht treaty
in 1992 and the introduction of the EMU in 1999. Based on impulse responses from
a panel VAR, we find that fiscal and monetary policy acted neutrally toward each
other before the Maastricht Treaty; fiscal and monetary policy acted as substitutes
immediately after the Maastricht Treaty; and fiscal and monetary policy acted as
complements after the introduction of the EMU. These results holds for a set of 11
non-EMU countries as well, which indicates that the evolution of the fiscal response
to monetary shocks within the EMU has broadly mirrored global developments. One
example of such a global development is the global shift toward lower interest rates
and tighter fiscal policy during the 1990s.

Authors

Claire Boeing-Reicher
Sanchit Arora

Info

Publication Date
JEL Classification
E52, E62, E65