Cecilia Hornok (Kiel Institute, RA “Global Division of Labor”)
How do exporting and importing inputs affect firm outcomes in less developed countries? Our paper investigates this question empirically on a survey-based firm-level panel database from Ghana. We look at several outcome variables, such as productivity, average wage, skill intensity and on-the-job training, and estimate both direct effects on trading firms and spillover effects on non-traders within industry and region. Export entry or a boost in export activity is followed by an increase in the average wage and in the share of apprentices to regular workers – our training measure – at the firm. These findings are fully driven by firms owned primary by male owners. The imports of intermediate inputs do not have a direct effect on any of the outcome variables. As for spillovers, we find that those non-trading firms that already have a high absorptive capacity are able to increase their average wage and their skill intensity as a result of export and import activity in their industry-region cluster.
Charles Ackah (Universtiy of Ghana, Accra) — Holger Görg (Kiel Institute) — Cecilia Hornok (Kiel Institute)