Policy Article

The Impact of Digitalisation on the Monetary System

In-Depth Analysis prepared for the Monetary Dialogue of the European Parliament

Against the backdrop of a trend towards a cashless society and the emergence of private electronic monies, the paper discusses properties of digital currencies and implications for currency competition, describes benefits and risks of digitalisation of money for the society, explains the concept and implications of a CBDC, and discusses implications of digital money for monetary policy. The upshot is that the trend towards digitalisation will probably continue, but has to be closely monitored and accompanied with an appropriate regulatory framework.

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