Journal Article

Union Power, Collective Bargaining, and Optimal Monetary Policy

Economic Inquiry

We study Ramsey policies and optimal monetary policy rules in a dynamic New Keynesian model with unionized labor markets. Collective wage bargaining and unions’ monopoly power amplify inefficient employment fluctuations. The optimal monetary policy must trade off between stabilizing inflation and reducing inefficient unemployment fluctuations induced by unions’ monopoly power. In this context the monetary authority uses inflation as a tax on union rents and as a mean for indirect

redistribution. Results are robust to the introduction of imperfect insurance on income shocks. The optimal monetary policy rule targets unemployment alongside inflation.

Authors

Ester Faia
Lorenza Rossi

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Publication Date
JEL Classification
E0, E4, E5, E6