Journal Article

Regional climate engineering by radiation management: Prerequisites and prospects

AGU Earth's Future, 12 (4): 618-625

Radiation Management (RM) as an option to engineer the climate is highly controversial and suffers from a number of ethical and regulatory concerns, usually studied in the context of the objective to mitigate the global mean temperature. In this paper, we discuss the idea that RM can be differentiated and scaled in several dimensions with potential objectives being to influence a certain climate parameter in a specific region. Some short-lived climate forcers (e.g., tropospheric aerosols) exhibit strong geographical and temporal variability, potentially leading to limited- area climate responses. Marine cloud brightening and thinning or dissolution of cirrus clouds could be operated at a rather local scale. It is therefore conceivable that such schemes could be applied with the objective to influence the climate at a regional scale. From a governance perspective, it is desirable to avoid any substantial climate effects of regional RM outside the target region. This, however, could prove impossible for a sustained, long-term RM. In turn, regional RM during limited time periods could prove more feasible without effects beyond the target area. It may be attractive since it potentially provides the opportunity to target the suppression of some extreme events such as heat waves. Research is needed on the traceability of regional RM, e.g. using detection and attribution methods. Incentives and implications of regional RM need to be examined, and new governance options have to be conceived.

Authors

Johannes Quaas
Martin Quaas
Olivier Boucher

Info

Publication Date
DOI
10.1002/2016EF000440

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