Journal Article

More Stringent BITs, Less Ambiguous Effects on FDI? Not a Bit!

Economics Letters

We show that the effectiveness of bilateral investment treaties in promoting FDI inflows remains elusive even when accounting for the strength of investor-state dispute settlement provisions contained in various, though far from all, BITs.


Axel Berger
Matthias Busse
Peter Nunnenkamp
Martin Roy


Publication Date
JEL Classification
F21, F23, K33