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23.03.2017
 
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Poverty Reduction, Equity, and Development

In October 2015, the international community adopted a new set of objectives for global development, the so-called Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The SDGs are based on a broader concept of development than the previous Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which focused almost exclusively on reducing absolute poverty.

However, with more than 2 billion people still living on less than US$ 3 a day, poverty reduction remains firmly on the agenda. It is now complemented by environmental, economic, and social sustainability objectives - covering, for example, the management of scarce land and water resources as well as economic growth, employment and inequality. In addition, the SDGs stress the importance of peace and good governance for sustainable development.

Africa3
© Linda Kleemann

Against this background, PRED aims to create knowledge that can be used by developing and transition countries to devise strategies for poverty reduction and sustainable development. We conduct mainly empirical research in four thematic areas that address global challenges raised by the SDGs:

Aid Allocation and Aid Effectiveness

We address the still unresolved issue of whether and how global efforts to alleviate poverty through more foreign aid can be successful. In doing so, we pursue different avenues. First, we assess possible complementarities between aid and related donor policies on trade, foreign direct investment, and migration. Second, we assess whether aid could be more effective if it were more carefully targeted at sectors that constitute bottlenecks for sustainable development. Third, we focus on local needs and effects using increasingly available geocoded aid data to address the shortcomings of cross-country analyses.

Global Challenges for Rural Development

We focus on the welfare of poor rural households that are often vulnerable due to a wide range of factors, including climate change, volatile world market prices for the commodities they produce, and competing uses of the resources that they rely on. Ongoing research projects deal with issues related to land and water use: We analyze the impact of large-scale land acquisitions in Africa on local farm populations and the challenge of increasing food security and reducing poverty in the face of rapid water and energy development in the Eastern Nile river basin.

Integration, Institutions and Development

We conduct inter-disciplinary research to analyze the political economy of institutional and economic development in the context of regional and global integration. We start from the premise that domestic developments are influenced by a country’s international relations with various external powers (e.g. the EU, Russia, and China for countries in the Post-Soviet space) as well as by its regional and global economic integration (e.g. patterns of resource-based trade and migration). Currently, we investigate the impact of competing regional powers on institutional and policy change, the impact of partisan preferences on the formulation of macroeconomic policies, and the emergence of regional clusters of production and welfare systems.

Migration and Development

We concentrate on the impact of international labor migration and remittances on the welfare of the migrants themselves, their families left behind, and the broader population in migrant’s countries of origin. We consider monetary as well as non-monetary transmission channels, such as the transfer of political values. Recently, we have begun to address the interaction between host and origin countries. For example, we are running a large randomized control trial (RCT) in the Philippines to improve orientation seminars for departing migrants, which includes raising their awareness of opportunities to send remittances not only to family members, but also to support community projects ("collective remittances"). In a new project (Mercator Dialogue on Asylum and Migration) we provide evidence-based policy advice and conduct related academic research on how to improve the European immigration and asylum system.

conference 2009

As a means of furthering international research cooperation and the exchange of ideas between researchers and development practitioners, our research group hosts the Poverty Reduction, Equity, and Growth Network(PEGNet).

 

 

Data Sets

In collaboration with IFPRI and other institutions throughout the world, PRED is often involved in the compilation of Social Accounting Matrices. The resulting datasets provide a wealth of information at the national, regional (agro-ecological zones) and local (household) levels. We freely distribute as many of these datasets as possible and encourage their use in research and policy analysis. Please note that the datasets require proper citation and citation information is included with the accompanying documentation to each dataset.

SAM for Bolivia 2012
SAM for Mexico 2008
SAM for Yemen 2012

Projekte

Aktuelle Publikationen

PEGNet Conference

Researchers Meet Practitioners
Berlin, Germany
September 6-7, 2007

Call for papers

PEGNet Conference

Researchers Meet Practitioners
Berlin, Germany
September 6-7, 2007

Call for papers

Data Sets

In collaboration with IFPRI and other institutions throughout the world, PRED is often involved in the compilation of Social Accounting Matrices. The resulting datasets provide a wealth of information at the national, regional (agro-ecological zones) and local (household) levels. We freely distribute as many of these datasets as possible and encourage their use in research and policy analysis. Please note that the datasets require proper citation and citation information is included with the accompanying documentation to each dataset.

SAM for Bolivia 2012
SAM for Mexico 2008
SAM for Yemen 2012

Data Sets

In collaboration with IFPRI and other institutions throughout the world, PRED is often involved in the compilation of Social Accounting Matrices. The resulting datasets provide a wealth of information at the national, regional (agro-ecological zones) and local (household) levels. We freely distribute as many of these datasets as possible and encourage their use in research and policy analysis. Please note that the datasets require proper citation and citation information is included with the accompanying documentation to each dataset.

SAM for Bolivia 2012
SAM for Mexico 2008
SAM for Yemen 2012